Gombe Stream NP Mutter und Kind

Common Chimpanzee mother and child.

The common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes), also known as the robust chimpanzee, is a species of great ape. Colloquially, the common chimpanzee is often called the chimpanzee (or "chimp"), though this term can be used to refer to both species in the genus Pan: the common chimpanzee and the closely related bonobo, formerly called the pygmy chimpanzee. Evidence from fossils and DNA sequencing show both species of chimpanzees are the sister group to the modern human lineage.

Animal rights casesEdit

The Nonhuman Rights Project vs. Stanley: In this case, the Nonhuman Rights Project (NhRP) filed on behalf of Hercules and Leo, two chimpanzees being held for experimentation at State University of New York at Stony Brook (with president Samuel L. Stanley Jr.).

In April 2015, Manhattan Supreme Court Justice Barbara Jaffe granted the chimps the right of habeus corpus, which is unlawful detention of a person. NhRP argued that this decision effectively recognized the two chimps as people, a thought echoed by Science magazine. The judge later amended her decision to remove the "habeas corpus" right, which left doubt as to the rights of the two chimpanzees.

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